The RMP is "The Science of Motivation®"
This is the second in a series of articles summarizing the research that
established the Reiss Motivation Profile® as “The Science of
Professor Steven Reiss, together with colleagues James Wiltz and Michael
Sherman, used his newly-developed RMP to evaluate motivational
differences between college students who played zero, one, and two high
school or college varsity sports. The purpose of the study was to
identify the motives that are most relevant to sports participation in
adolescents and young adults. It was predicted that a strong desire for
Physical Activity would be the primary motive characteristic of
The subjects were 415 undergraduate students (260 males and 155 females)
divided into three groups – those who participated in zero (n = 96),
one (n = 108), or two or more varsity sports (n = 211).
Athleticism was found to be positively associated with the basic desires
for Physical Activity, Family, Social Contact, Power, and Vengeance.
Compared to subjects who did not play a sport, athletes who participated
in at least one varsity sport placed significantly greater value on
exercise, parenting, peer companionship, achievement, and competition.
As predicted, the strongest correlation was between the number of sports
played and the intrinsic enjoyment of muscle movement, a finding that
provided evidence for the criterion validity of the RMP Physical
Number of sports played was found to be negatively associated with the
basic desire for Curiosity. This result suggests that students who
participate in varsity sports may be less interested in academics than
are students who are non-athletes.
According to the researchers, the study’s findings indicate common
motivational correlates of a diverse number of sports, but not
necessarily for specific sports. For example, a strong desire for Social
Contact may be more characteristic of athletes who play team sports
such as soccer compared to those who participate in individual sports
such as bicycling.
In conclusion, this study supported the relevance of the Reiss Motivation Profile® for assessing what motivates athletes.
Maggi M. Reiss, President
IDS Publishing Corporation
For more information, click the link to read:
Reiss, S., Wiltz, J., & Sherman, M. (2001). Trait motivational correlates of athleticism. Personality and Individual Differences, 30, 1139-1145.
© Copyright 2020. IDS Publishing Corporation. All rights reserved.